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高压静电喷雾纯天然有机制剂“泰栢一号”对蔬菜蚜虫的防治效果

标题: 高压静电喷雾纯天然有机制剂“泰栢一号”对蔬菜蚜虫的防治效果
英文标题: Control effect of organic product "Tepec-1" to aphids after spraying by high-voltage electrostatic sprayer.
作者: 张瑜,曹克强,魏建健,Thomas Wu
英文作者: Zhang Yu,Cao Keqiang,Wei Jianjian,Thomas Wu(Agricultural University of Hebei,Baoding,Hebei 071001,China,Beijing TEPEC Technology Corporation,Beijing 100086,China,University of Central Florida,USA)
出版时间: 2009-05-15
机构: 河北农业大学植物保护学院,北京泰栢阳光科技发展有限公司,美国中央佛罗里达大学
关键词: 高压静电喷雾器,天然有机杀虫剂,蚜虫,无公害防治
英文关键词: high-voltage static sprayer,natural pesticide,aphid,environment-friendly control
刊名: 植物检疫
英文刊名: 植物检疫
ISSN: 1005-2755
期号: 03
国内刊号: 11-1990/S
基金: 国家科技部国际科研合作项目(2006DFB72260)“全新农药替代技术开发集成和应用研究”
主题: 高压静电喷雾纯天然有机制剂“泰栢一号”对蔬菜蚜虫的防治效果
页码: 19-22
分类号: S482.3;
出版单位: 植物检疫
数据来源: CNKI,WanFang
是否SCI: false
是否EI: false
是否核心: true
摘要: "泰栢一号"是一种纯天然有机制剂,本文以吡虫啉为对照药剂,分别在室内与田间测试了在常规使用和在高压静电喷雾条件下"泰栢一号"对蔬菜蚜虫的防治效果,结果表明,"泰栢一号"40X稀释液处理蚜虫48h后死亡率为3.36%,清水对照处理的死亡率为3.33%,二者间无显著性差异,而吡虫啉10 mg/L处理24h蚜虫的死亡率为78.86%。"泰栢一号"与高压静电喷雾器配合使用则表现出良好的杀虫效果,200×稀释液处理48h的蚜虫死亡率为62.22%,96h蚜虫死亡率为91.1%,这种纯天然有机物结合高压静电喷雾杀虫方法的发现,为蚜虫的无公害防治提供了一条新的途径。
英文摘要: "Tepec-1" a natural product derived from lignite was tested as pesticide to control aphids on cucumber by direct dripping method in laboratory and high-voltage static spraying method in greenhouse.Imidacloprid was used as check in laboratory test.The results showed that the control effect of "Tepec-1" at 40 times dilution was only 3.36% 48 h after treatment,which is no difference with water and much less than control effect of imidacloprid(78.86%).However,"Tepec-1" showed good control effect when it was used by high-voltage static sprayer.The control effects of the 200 times dilution were 62.22% 48 h after treatment and 91.1% 96 h after treatment.Although the mechanisms inside are not clear,it was proved to be an environment-friendly approach for aphid control.