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城市土地合理利用研究

标题: 城市土地合理利用研究
英文标题: Study on the Urban Land Reasonable Use
作者: 杨华
出版时间: 2010-01-01
所在大学: 河北农业大学
关键词: 城市土地,合理利用,综合评价,秦皇岛
英文关键词: Urban land,Reasonable use,Comprehensive evaluation,QinHuangdao
论文级别: 硕士
学位: 学位论文
导师: 尹君%李凤琴
专业: 土地资源管理
提交时间: 2010
摘要: 城市化是人类社会发展和进步的必然趋势,城市发展已经成为全球发展的主题,发达国家已经进入城市化稳定阶段,我国的城市化进程也日益加快.改革开放以来,我国进入城市化快速发展阶段,城市化率由1978年的17.92%增长到2008年的45.7%.土地是城市发展的物质载体,伴随着日益加快的城市化进程,各种各样的城市土地利用问题逐渐显现出来,诸如:人地矛盾突出、耕地锐减、城市内部用地不合理、城市规模扩大速度过快、城市土地生态系统恶化等问题,这对中国城市发展、社会经济发展、耕地保护等已构成巨大威胁,在这种背景下,我们必须对以往的城市土地利用方式进行反思,突破土地利用的传统观念,建立科学的土地利用机制.坚持城市土地合理利用,这不仅能够解决当前的用地紧张局面,还能促进经济社会可持续发展,以利于建立资源节约型社会.因此,针对城市土地合理利用相关研究也显得十分重要,这是解决当前因快速城市化而带来的各种各样的城市病的有效手段.首先,本研究通过探讨土地合理利用的概念,结合城市土地利用的基本特点,解析了城市土地合理利用内涵,并总结了城市土地合理利用的理论依据,包括人地关系理论、地租理论、土地报酬递减规律、精明增长理论、生态经济学理论.其次,本研究以城市土地合理利用的基本内涵为根本出发点,对城市土地合理利用进行宏观与微观层次的评价.从人地资源关系合理化、城市用地内部合理性、城市土地利用的集约高效性、城市土地利用的生态保护性四方面构建了城市土地合理利用的宏观评价体系;同时根据城市内部各用地类型的特点,划分城市土地均质功能区,依据各功能区实际的土地利用状况,建立相应的城市土地合理利用微观评价体系.最后,本研究以秦皇岛市建成区为例,对其城市土地合理利用进行宏观评价,得出秦皇岛市城市土地利用总体上属于基本合理的结论,并参照评价结果对秦皇岛市今后的土地利用提出一些建议.此外,由于时间的限制,本文仅选取秦皇岛市海港区为例,进行城市土地合理利用的微观评价,依据城市土地利用的实际状况,将海港区划分为若干的居住区、商业区、工业区,并分区选取具有代表性的评价单元,分别对城市居住用地、商业用地、工业用地进行微观评价,以期为海港区今后合理配置土地利用结构,优化城市土地利用布局提供科学指导.
英文摘要: Urbanization is an inevitable trend in the development and progress of human society, urban development has become a theme of global development, developed countries has entered a steady period of urbanization development, the progress of China urbanization is accelerating. The urbanization of China has entered a fast developing stage since the reform and open to outside world, the urbanization rate increased from 17.92%to 45.7%during the year of 1978-2008. Land is the material carrier of urban development, along with the ever-accelerating process of urbanization, various kinds of urban land use problems have gradually emerged, for example, the contradiction between people and land becomes more and more serious, cultivated land quickly shrank, city inner land use structure is unreasonable, the urban scale grows at an extraordinary rate, urban land ecological system continue to deteriorate, and so on, all of these bring about a great threat to China city development, socio-economic development, and cultivated land preservation. In this context,in order to establish a scientific mechanism for land use ,we must reconsider the land use pattern in the past and break the traditional thought. Insist on urban land reasonable use, it not only can solve the current shortage situation at the aspect of land use, but also promote economy and society to achieve sustainable development, and be beneficial to the construction of resource-saving society. Therefore, the correlational research on the urban land reasonable use become very important, it is an effective method to solve the urban disease which is caused by rapid urbanization.First of all, the paper analyses urban land reasonable use connotation which based on the concept of land reasonable use and combined with the basic characteristics of urban land use, meanwhile ,this paper summarizes the theoretical foundation of urban land reasonable use, including man land relationship theory, land rent theory, law of diminishing land returns, smart growth theory, ecological economics theory.Secondly, in order to study macroscopic and microscopic evaluation system of urban land reasonable use, the paper takes the connotation of urban land reasonable use as fundamental starting point, based on this macroscopic evaluation index system mainly includes four aspects, they are the rationalization of man land resource relationship, the reasonability of city inner land use, the intensification and high efficiency of urban land use, the ecological protective of urban land use; at the same time, according to the characteristic of all kinds of urban land use types, the paper divides the urban land homogeneous functional area, finally, this paper establishes the microscopic evaluation system according to the land use characteristic of each functional area .At last, this paper takes QinHuangdao built-up area as an example, evaluating the reasonability of urban land use at macroscopic level, and obtaining the conclusion that urban land use in general are basically reasonable in QinHuangdao city , according to evaluation result we also put forward some advice on the future land utilization. In addition, due to time constraint, the paper just takes Haigang district in QinHuangdao city as an example to evaluate the reasonability of urban land use at microscopic level, based on actual situation of urban land use, the paper divides Haigang district into a number of residential areas, commercial areas, industrial areas, in order to evaluate the reasonability of urban residential land, commercial land, industrial land ,the paper select some representative units individully from one type functional area , for purpose of providing some scientific guidance for the future urban land use structure and layout, and some advice on optimal allocation of urban land resources in the future.