首页>>学术检索

唐山市山地村镇线性景观规划研究

标题: 唐山市山地村镇线性景观规划研究
英文标题: Linear Landscape Planning of Mountainous Villages in the Mountain Areas of Tangshan
作者: 秦腊梅
出版时间: 2011-01-01
所在大学: 河北农业大学
关键词: 唐山市,山地村镇,线性景观,景观规划
英文关键词: Tangshan city,Mountain village,Linear landscape,Landscape planning
论文级别: 硕士
学位: 学位论文
导师: 黄涛%史宝胜
专业: 园林规划设计
提交时间: 2011
摘要: 许多山地村镇在进行开发建设的时候,为了获取更多的建设用地,不惜开山添河,失去了山地村镇的自然山水特色,造成自然环境破坏、生态环境恶化等一系列的问题.因此在城镇化快速发展的背景下,基于唐山市山地村镇面广量多的现状情况下,如何更好利用山地村镇的自然山水优势,创造出符合自然山水特色的山地村镇景观具有重大的研究价值和实践意义.本文主要从景观规划的角度,把在山地村镇景观构成中占主体地位的线性景观作为主要研究对象,通过现场调研和文献资料收集对山地村镇中线性景观进行了分析,指出线性景观存在的问题;运用比较、归纳、结合实际的方法总结出在山地村镇中线性景观的特点及其功能;从景观学、景观美学、风景园林学、生态学、反规划和生态廊道等多方面的角度对线性景观进行综合研究,构建山地村镇线性景观的规划体系.山地村镇线性景观在规划中受诸多要素的影响,各要素之间存在着错综复杂的关系,为了更好的规划山地村镇线性景观,本文以唐山市山地村镇线性景观的设计要素为依据,把线性景观分为道路、绿带、河流、线性文化遗产、天际轮廓线等几个部分.针对山地村镇特殊的地形条件,分析出它们的景观特点及规划的原则,以及各自的规划,从而更加全面、深刻的塑造山地村镇景观.本文的研究过程是一个总体到整体,整体到个体的规划过程,以期能够解决目前山地村镇建设中理论方面的空白.本文的创新之处在于将规划学、景观学和生态廊道的设计理念和山地村镇线性景观特色结合起来,提出针对唐山市山地村镇景观特色的具体表达模式.并将其应用于山地村镇的规划设计中,通过线性景观结构要素的分析与规划设计,克服目前山地村镇建设的缺点,充分发挥线性景观的功能,为山地村镇的景观建设和生态建设带来裨益.
英文摘要: During the development of the many mountain villages, people in these areas quarried mountains and upgraded streams for more lands of producing and life ,which caused the traditional mountainous towns and natural landscape pattern of comprehensive penetration lost . this also caused natural environmental damage ,destruction of ecological balance and so on a series of problems.So in the background of urbanization development rapidly,based on the present situation of the largamente of mountainous lands ,how to make better use of mountain towns,natural landscape advantage,creating natural landscape characteristics with the mountain village landscape has a great theoretical value and practical significance .This article mainly from the angle of landscape planning ,taking hill country villages in the composition of important position as the main subject,by the field research and literature data collection on mountain out-look of linear landscape analyzed ,points out the mountain villages linear landscape problems;Using comparative , conclusion and practical method in mountain villages,it summarizes the characteristics of linear landscape as well as its function;From landscape ,landscape aesthetics, landscape learns,ecology,the planning and ecological corridor,and other aspects of comprehensive research paper Angle on the mountain village,this paper puts forward the planning system of linear landscape. Mountain villages in the planning of linear landscape affects many factors which between each element of the complicated relationship.In order to planning mountain villages better ,this article based on linear landscape structure and function , dividing the landscape into roads, green bilt,rivers, linear cultural heritage, the sky contour line, according to the particular mountainous condition, analyses their landscape characteristics and planning principle, and thereby it shapes mountain landscape more comprehensively and profoundly. This research process is an overall of the whole process,in order to solve the current mountain out-look of theoretical aspects blank problem.The innovation of this paper is that it combines the planning study, landscape and ecological corridor with mountain villages linear,landscape characteristics and puts forward the concrete expression patterns of landscape features. It is also used in mountain villages planning design. It overcomes the present shortcomings and gives full play to the function of linear landscape for mountain villages at the same time. Finally it makes benefits for the landscape construction and ecological construction benefits.