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长三角地区城市湿地景观规划研究

标题: 长三角地区城市湿地景观规划研究
英文标题: The Research of the Changjiang Delta Urban Wetland Design
作者: 白亚男
出版时间: 2011-01-01
所在大学: 河北农业大学
关键词: 长三角,城市湿地,景观规划,景观要素
英文关键词: the Changjiang Delta,the urban wetland,landscape design,landscape elemen
论文级别: 硕士
学位: 学位论文
导师: 黄涛
专业: 园林规划设计
提交时间: 2011
摘要: 长三角地区作为中国重要的金融中心和都市圈之一,有着得天独厚的区位优势、丰厚的经济基础以及优越的资源条件,近年来,城市发展成果令人瞩目,城市景观建设及发展速度位居全国前列.特别是丰富的水资源条件,使得城市湿地景观成为该区域城市独特的魅力之处,但因城市人口剧增,开发不当引起的环境污染现象越发严重.为了阻止自然湿地景观的不断流失,充分利用和发挥城市湿地景观在改善城市生态环境和美化功能,对城市湿地景观规划设计方面的规划研究迫在眉睫.本文对长三角地区区域内城市湿地景观现状进行分析,采用理论与实践相结合的方法总结出一套实施可行的景观营造方法.首先从长三角地区城市湿地的概念界定及相关理论出发,根据文献的参考以及实际情况合理分析,界定出城市湿地景观的规划范围,分析其景观特点以及常见类型,总结归纳城市湿地景观的七大功能效用,为湿地景观规划提供依据.其次根据文献资料和实地考察分析,以景观生态学、城市规划原理、美学原理等理论为基础,分析总结出长三角地区发展现状.由于长三角地区特殊的地理环境资源以及丰厚的经济实力,城市湿地景观逐渐形成区域特色,主要包括植物景观优美丰富、水网密集而且连贯性强、具有一定的文化基础三个方面.同时,由于大规模经济建设等原因影响,区域内的城市湿地景观也暴露出一些问题,主要包括规划范围模糊、功能协调性差、景观形式单一和水体污染严重四个方面.因此,急需提出科学合理的长三角地区城市湿地景观规划方法.最后将城市湿地景观分为水体、植物、动物、护岸、交通以及景观辅助设施六个要素,通过对各个景观要素研究分析,寻求满足长三角地区城市湿地可持续发展的景观要素设计方法,并使之形成系统,创造和谐统一的城市湿地生态景观.以上海市北高新(南通)科技城水系景观规划为例进行景观规划过程分析,通过对科技城水系景观现状进行分析研究,以上位土地利用规划为基础,提出景观规划设计方案,并对水系景观进行专项措施规划,深化湿地景观的营造.总结出一条适合工业化城市背景下长三角地区城市景观湿地营造方法,充分发挥湿地景观特有功能,从而达到各方面利益的均衡发展.
英文摘要: The Changjiang delta is one of the most important financial center and Metropolitan Area of China, it has unique advantage at location, economic base and natural resources. In the recent years, the urban development of the Changjiang Delta is obvious and its urban landscape construction and development speed is in leading role of China. The rich water resources enable wetland landscape to become its unique charm. However,because of rapid growth of urban population,sever environment pollution caused by improper development, losing of natural wet area,the gradually development of redevelopment project of the urban,which has the function to improve and beautifier the urban ecological environment,the research on the aspect of the landscape design of urban wetland is in urgent demand.This research aims to analysing on the current situation of wetland landscape of the Changjiang Delta, applying to the combination method of theory and practice, to summarize an applicable way to build landscape.First of all, start from the relevant theories on the definition of the Changjiang Delta, making reference to the reference and the actual situation, defining the design scope of wetland landscape of urban,analysing its landscape characteristics and normal types, summarizing the 7 main functions of the wetland landscape of urban and offering evidence for design of wetland landscape.Secondly,according to the reference and actual investigation and analysis, base on Landscape ecology、Urban planning theory、Art Theory and other relevant theories, to sum up the current development situation of the Changjiang Delta. Because of the special geographic resources and rich economical power, its the wetland landscape of urban gradually has its local feature, including various and beautiful plant landscape, intense water connection, and its deep culture base. Meanwhile, affected by large scale of economic constructions, the wetland landscape of urban in this district also explodes some problems, including unclear range of planning, weak function coordination ,simple forms of landscape and sever water pollution. So it is in urgent demand to the design of the wetland landscape of urban in a scientific and rational way.At last,the wetland landscape of urban is composed with water,plant, animal, bank protection,transportation and auxiliary facilities these 6 elements, through the analysis on each landscape element, seeking the way to reach the sustainable development of urban wetland, and combining to a systems, creating a harmony and consistent ecological landscape of urban wetland. With the element by element analysis on the example of the landscape design of High Sci-tech city of Shanghai North, under the base of land use planning,make sure the plan of layout and function ,and the landscape elements to the specific measures planning,make the urban wetland landscape planning system has improved constantly.Summarize a suitable way to creating a modern urban landscape wetlands under industrial city background, fully illustrating the unique function of wetland landscape,finally reach the balanced development of all aspects.