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承德避暑渔村生态农业观光园规划设计研究

标题: 承德避暑渔村生态农业观光园规划设计研究
英文标题: Study on the Planning and Design of Eco-Agricultural Tourist Garden of Chengde Summer & Fishing Village
作者: 陈健
出版时间: 2012-01-01
所在大学: 河北农业大学
关键词: 承德避暑渔村,生态,农业观光园,规划设计,研究
英文关键词: Chengde summer & fishing village,ecology,agricultural tourism garden,planning and design,study
论文级别: 硕士
学位: 学位论文
导师: 安广义
专业: 园林植物与观赏园艺
提交时间: 2012
摘要: 农业观光园是一种将农业与旅游业相结合的消遣性生态旅游活动,是随着城市化进程的加快和现代农业的发展以及人们消费观念的改变和交通条件的改善而发展起来的,其发展前景非常可观.生态农业观光园以生态农产品开发为基础,结合了休闲娱乐、参与农事、科普教育等多种功能,近年来在我国得到了蓬勃发展.生态农业观光园的建设,对于解决"三农问题",实现城乡全面、协调、可持续发展具有重大的现实意义.目前,国内对于生态农业观光园的研究比较薄弱,缺乏体系化的规划设计理论和方法作为指导.本文以生态农业观光园为研究对象,主要从风景园林规划设计的角度出发,结合多学科理论,通过查阅大量文献资料、实地调查和课题项目实践,对生态理论指导下的农业观光园区的规划设计理论方法、具体设计实践等方面进行了探讨.主要内容可以概括为五部分:首先阐述了农业观光园快速发展的背景、研究目的和意义、国内外研究进展、提出了研究方法.其次是农业观光园概论,分析了相关概念、生态农业观光园产生的原因、发展趋势及其发展的意义,探讨了生态农业观光园的特征和景观类型.然后提出了生态农业观光园规划设计理论,包括:理论依据的确立、规划理念的提出、在分析农业观光园存在问题的基础上提出了其规划设计的迫切性、对其景观规划设计实现的途径进行了探讨.再次笔者通过实地调研,结合自己的实际工程经验,在对农业观光园景观规划设计进行了系统的研究的基础上,参与实践,对承德避暑渔村生态农业观光园规划设计做了大胆的尝试.在对承德避暑渔村进行了实地考察的基础上,首先确立了规划区域概况、分析了当地的旅游文化、对资源优势进行了确立、提出了规划设计思想及原则;其次进行了景观规划及旅游项目策划,包括:老渔村餐饮区、住宿区、百果采摘区、鱼类养殖和捕鱼区、滦河人家区、森林野炊区、江南水乡风情区、水上娱乐区8个分区的规划设计;然后提出了植物景观规划及道路规划;最后进行了效益估算、旅游经营战略定位.最后得出了本文的主要结论,并就论文研究不足之处提出了建议.本文形成了生态农业观光园从理论指导到理论探索、再到园区详细设计的休闲农业观光园项目规划体系.同时,承德避暑渔村生态农业观光园景观的规划设计为园内施工提供了一些可行性的实施方案,也可以为其他农业观光园的规划设计提供现实依据.
英文摘要: Agricultural tourism garden, which comes with the acceleration of urbanization, the development of the modern agriculture and the change of people's consuming attitudes, is a recreational eco-tourism activities combining agriculture with tourism. It is based on the development of eco-agricultural products and integrates many functions as entertainment, farming participating and science education. It is flourish in China these years and have a promising future. The construction of eco-agricutural tourism park significantly helped solving the problem of "Agriculture, Country and Farmers" and improving the all-round, concerted and sustainable development in rural and urban area. So far, in China, the research on this issue is not enough; systemized guiding theories and methods of plan and design are yet to be developed. This paper takes eco-agriculture tourism garden as the research object.Combining multi-disciplinary theory, this paper has studied the planning& design theory and specific design practice of agriculture tourism park which guides by ecological theory by much documents consultation, field investigation and projects practice.There are five parts in this paper:Firstly, this paper expounds the background of the rapid development of tourism agriculture park, the research purpose and meaning, the research progress in domestic and overseas. And it puts forward the research methods.Secondly, it is eco-agriculture tourism park introduction. In this chart, this paper analyzes the related concepts and the generating reasons, developing tendency and developing means of tourism agriculture park, discusses the characteristic and landscape types of the park.Thirdly, this paper put forward the eco-agriculture tourism park planning and design theory which covers the establishment of the theoretical basis, the putting forward of planning concept, the urgency of the planning design of tourism agriculture park with the thorough analysis of the present problems, and the discussion on ways to realize the landscape planning and design.Fourthly, with his spot investigation and practical engineering experience, the writer made a courageous try on the design of Chengde summer & fishing village after systematic study of tourism agriculture park landscape planning and design. Based on the spot investigation of the fishing village, the writer firstly made sure the general situation of planning area, analyzed local tourism culture, confirmed the resource superiority and putted forward planning and design philosophy and principle; Then he made the landscape and tourism project planning including eight division as old fishing village restaurant area, accommodation area, fruit picking area, fish farming and fishing area, the Luan river village area, forest picnic area, Jiangnan region of rivers and lakes Customs area, water recreation area; Then he put forward Plants landscape planning and road planning; Finally, the writer make the benefits estimating and tourism manage strategy position.At last, it drew the main conclusions and proposed recommendations on the inadequacies of the thesis.This paper form the eco-agricutural tourism garden project planning system which includes the theory instruction, theory discussion and specific park detailed design. Meanwhile, the design of Chengde summer & fishing village eco-agriculture tourism garden provided some possible schemes for the park construction and also the real basis for other tourism agriculture park's planning and design.