||China is a mountainous country with two-thirds area of mountains. There are vast mountains distributed extensively in the rural area. As a large agricultural nation China has vast area and large population in the countryside which is a very important human residence of China. Because of the special cultural and geographic environment, the mountain villages have the unique rural settlement landscape and abundant landscape resources comparing to the plain villages. However, their economy is relatively backward and more fragile and sensitive. In recent years, as the cities'characters are generally missing, the regional features of rural landscape are becoming the last place for China to maintain its characteristic landscape.The accelerating urbanization and new rural construction of the mountainous villages produced unprecedented impacts to their landscape. The specific natural and humanistic landscapes were seriously damaged. The landscape of mountainous villages is getting weaker; and their particular features and local culture are disappearing. People are gradually noticing the significance and urgency of the landscape planning of mountainous villages. Therefore, in the modern society, it has both theoretical and practical significance to do the landscape planning and construction for the mountainous rural area.This paper takes the typical mountainous villages in Hebei Province as the research object; refers to the related mountainous countryside landscape research achievements and the successful experience and theoretical methods of the domestic and foreign rural planning; summarizes a set of relatively complete planning system through the thorough investigation and analysis of the mountainous countryside landscape features. Firstly, according to the existing rural landscape and mountainous landscape concepts it summarizes the concept of mountainous rural landscape. Also it raises basic theories for the mountainous rural landscape such as regional landscape theory, landscape ecology theory, urban and rural landscape integration ideology and sustainable development theory. And then, through in-depth investigation and analysis of the status of mountainous rural landscape planning in Hebei Province, this paper summarizes the main characteristics of this kind of rural landscape, the existing main problems and the causes of them. Taking the principles of highlighting landscape features, integrated planning design, promoting economic development, strengthening cultural protection and encouraging public participation, it put forward ideas and methods such as the rural settlement landscape planning, rural road landscape planning, rural water landscape planning, using ecological technology in landscape planning, the combination of rural tourism development and rural landscape planning. Taking the Bajiayu Village in Tangshan as an example, to verify the correctness and feasibility of these theories, the paper integrates theory with practice and analyses its landscape planning methods. Finally, it gives suggestions for the rural landscape construction and management and prospect for the future landscape planning.This paper gives theoretical guidance and technical support to the rural landscape planning and construction of Hebei Province; and considering both feasibility and sustainable development, offers reference for constructing rural settlement landscape with regional and era character in practice.