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河北省山区乡村景观规划研究

标题: 河北省山区乡村景观规划研究
英文标题: Research on Rural Landscape Planning in Mountainous Region of Hebei Province
作者: 陈晶晶
出版时间: 2012-01-01
所在大学: 河北农业大学
关键词: 河北省,山区,乡村,景观规划
英文关键词: Hebei Province,Mountainous Area,Rural Area,Landscape planning
论文级别: 硕士
学位: 学位论文
导师: 王广和
专业: 城市规划与设计
提交时间: 2012
摘要: 我国是一个多山的国家,有三分之二的面积为山地,在这些地区乡村分布广泛.中国作为农业大国,不仅地域辽阔,而且人口众多,乡村是中国重要的人类聚居地.近些年由于城市景观特色的普遍缺失,乡村景观的地域特色将成为中国保持特色景观的最后一块阵地.山区乡村由于受特殊人文环境和地理环境的影响,与平原乡村相比,具有独特的乡村聚落景观和丰富的景观资源,但是经济相对较落后,生态相对更脆弱、更敏感.随着城市化进程的不断加快和新农村建设的进行,山区乡村景观规划受到了前所未有的冲击,乡村所特有的自然景观和人文景观均遭到了严重的破坏.面对山区乡村景观日益憔悴、衰败的景象,面对山区乡村特色景观及乡土文化的逐渐消失,人们越来越意识到山区乡村景观规划的迫切性和紧要性.因此,研究如何在现代社会条件下,对山区乡村景观进行具体的景观规划与建设具有重要的理论与现实意义.本文以河北省典型的山区乡村为研究对象,参考有关学者在山区乡村景观方面的研究成果,借鉴国内外乡村景观规划的成功经验和理论方法,在深入调查分析山区乡村景观特点的基础上,总结出了一套较为完整的规划体系.首先根据现有乡村景观概念和山区的概念总结出山区乡村景观的概念,并且阐述了区域景观规划、景观生态学、景观美学、可持续发展等理论.其次通过深入调查分析河北省山区乡村景观规划的现状,总结出此类乡村景观的主要特点,并且归纳出河北省山区乡村景观规划中在生态景观和人文景观规划方面所存在的问题,分析产生这些问题的原因.最后以突出景观特色、注重整体规划、加强文化保护、鼓励公众参与为规划原则,提出乡村聚落景观规划,乡村道路景观规划,乡村水域景观规划,生态技术在景观规划中的运用等各方面的具体规划思路与方法.论文以唐山巴家峪村为例,将理论结合实践,具体分析其景观规划方法,以此来验证理论的正确性与可行性.最后提出了对乡村景观建设与管理方面的建议.本文在理论上为河北省山区的乡村景观规划与建设提供一定的理论指导和技术支持,在实践中为建设具有地域特色与时代性,兼顾可持续发展与现实性的村落景观提供借鉴.
英文摘要: China is a mountainous country with two-thirds area of mountains. There are vast mountains distributed extensively in the rural area. As a large agricultural nation China has vast area and large population in the countryside which is a very important human residence of China. Because of the special cultural and geographic environment, the mountain villages have the unique rural settlement landscape and abundant landscape resources comparing to the plain villages. However, their economy is relatively backward and more fragile and sensitive. In recent years, as the cities'characters are generally missing, the regional features of rural landscape are becoming the last place for China to maintain its characteristic landscape.The accelerating urbanization and new rural construction of the mountainous villages produced unprecedented impacts to their landscape. The specific natural and humanistic landscapes were seriously damaged. The landscape of mountainous villages is getting weaker; and their particular features and local culture are disappearing. People are gradually noticing the significance and urgency of the landscape planning of mountainous villages. Therefore, in the modern society, it has both theoretical and practical significance to do the landscape planning and construction for the mountainous rural area.This paper takes the typical mountainous villages in Hebei Province as the research object; refers to the related mountainous countryside landscape research achievements and the successful experience and theoretical methods of the domestic and foreign rural planning; summarizes a set of relatively complete planning system through the thorough investigation and analysis of the mountainous countryside landscape features. Firstly, according to the existing rural landscape and mountainous landscape concepts it summarizes the concept of mountainous rural landscape. Also it raises basic theories for the mountainous rural landscape such as regional landscape theory, landscape ecology theory, urban and rural landscape integration ideology and sustainable development theory. And then, through in-depth investigation and analysis of the status of mountainous rural landscape planning in Hebei Province, this paper summarizes the main characteristics of this kind of rural landscape, the existing main problems and the causes of them. Taking the principles of highlighting landscape features, integrated planning design, promoting economic development, strengthening cultural protection and encouraging public participation, it put forward ideas and methods such as the rural settlement landscape planning, rural road landscape planning, rural water landscape planning, using ecological technology in landscape planning, the combination of rural tourism development and rural landscape planning. Taking the Bajiayu Village in Tangshan as an example, to verify the correctness and feasibility of these theories, the paper integrates theory with practice and analyses its landscape planning methods. Finally, it gives suggestions for the rural landscape construction and management and prospect for the future landscape planning.This paper gives theoretical guidance and technical support to the rural landscape planning and construction of Hebei Province; and considering both feasibility and sustainable development, offers reference for constructing rural settlement landscape with regional and era character in practice.