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农业科技成果风险投资项目评价研究

标题: 农业科技成果风险投资项目评价研究
英文标题: Research on Appraisal System of Venture Capital Investment Based on Agricultural High-tech Achievements
作者: 任小璇
出版时间: 2012-01-01
所在大学: 河北农业大学
关键词: 农业科技成果,风险投资,项目评价,指标体系
英文关键词: Agricultural high-tech achievement,venture capital investment,project evaluation,indicator system
论文级别: 硕士
学位: 学位论文
导师: 王建中
专业: 农村与区域发展
提交时间: 2012
摘要: 我国作为农业大国,利用先进的农业技术发展现代农业是提高人民生活水平的必要途径.我国目前还处于由传统农业向现代农业逐步转型阶段,农业高新技术的广泛推广成为转型过程中的重要推动力.但由于对农业高新技术研究立项时没有合理评价市场需求,导致农业科技成果推广过程中与市场需求脱节,以及农业科技成果转化中资金投入的不足,均严重制约了农业科技成果在我国农业生产中的广泛应用,成为农业高新技术产业发展以及向现代农业转型的瓶颈.将风险投资引入农业科技成果的转化过程,使其成为农业科技创新的助推器、农业高新技术成果产业化的孵化器,不仅解决了转化过程中的资金问题,也促进我国农业现代化的生产,提高了农业生产水平.因此,建立一套适应我国国情的农业科技成果风险投资项目评价体系,对风险投资项目进行有效评价,使其适应市场需求的同时,还能为风险投资者带来经济利益,不仅可以有效提高农业科技成果转化率,避免农业科技成果束之高阁现象的出现,同时还降低风险投资者对农业科技成果项目投资风险.对我国向现代农业成功转型具有重要意义.本文从我国农业科技成果的概念、特点及风险投资项目评价理论的阐述入手,分析了将风险投资应用于农业科技成果过程中的必要性.借鉴国外相关研究以及我国现有的风险投资项目评价体系,从中筛选出可应用于农业领域的评价影响因素,再结合农业科技成果的特点,重新构建我国农业科技成果风险投资项目评价的指标体系.本文尝试从创新能力、管理团队、商业模式、行业及企业的行业地位、运营状况、财务状况、融资情况和环境等8各方面建立农业科技成果风险投资项目评价的指标体系,并结合相关案例运用层次分析法和模糊评价方法验证评价体系,最后对本文的研究成果及不足进行了总结.
英文摘要: China is relying primarily on agriculture, there is an efficient way to improve the level of people's life which is to develop the technology of agricultural and transform to modern agriculture. At present, our country has not transformed to modern agriculture already. It will be the most important force in this process of transformation is using the high-tech of agriculture widely. There always ignore to evaluate the demand of market, which leads to the extension of agricultural high-tech achievements disconnection with production of agriculture. And lack the capital for the transformation of agriculture achievements, which also restrain from developing the modern agriculture in China. By introducing the venture capital investment to the process of agriculture science and technology achievement transformation, which it not only could solve the problem of capital for transformation process, but also could promote the agriculture production level. The venture capital investment seems be an incubator to help the innovation of agricultural science and technology. Therefore, building a system of evaluation which could adopt for actual condition in China is the mean to choose the high-tech achievements of agriculture in order to adopt the market demand and bring lots of economic benefits for investors who risk the investment fund. More important function of venture capital investment is to improve effectively to increase the rate of high-tech conversion and decrease the investment risk in its process. There is a great meaning to transition of modern agriculture successfully.The paper elaborate firstly foreign and domestic venture capital project evaluations are reviewed, and then China's current development of agricultural venture capital is introduced. This paper analyzes the major characteristics of agricultural risk assessment and the risk characteristics of agricultural projects, leads to the need of risk investment in agriculture development. On this basis, draw on the outcome of investment projects evaluation index system. For the rebuilding evaluation system mainly analysis the index in eight aspects which from innovation ability, management team, business model, industry and enterprise's position in the industry, operating status, financial situation, the financing situation and environment. Followed analyzing the related case by using the method of analytic hierarchy process and fuzzy comprehensive estimation to verify, summarized the studies achievement and inadequacy undertook in this paper.