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易县山区乡村聚落景观生态设计研究-以狼牙山镇东西水村为例

标题: 易县山区乡村聚落景观生态设计研究-以狼牙山镇东西水村为例
英文标题: Ecological Approaches of Landscape Design for Rural Settlement In the Mountain Areas of Yixian-Taking Dongxishui village in Langya Town as an example
作者: 韩思
出版时间: 2010-01-01
所在大学: 河北农业大学
关键词: 乡村聚落,山区乡村聚落景观,生态设计,景观规划
英文关键词: rural settlements,rural settlements mountain landscape,ecological design,landscape planning
论文级别: 硕士
学位: 学位论文
导师: 黄涛
专业: 园林植物与观赏园艺
提交时间: 2010
摘要: 乡村聚落是乡村居民的聚居地,是他们居住、休憩、交往及从事部分生产活动的场所.它是乡村景观中的重要组成部分,乡村聚落是乡村人口聚居地.由于是山区的生态系统脆弱,再加上人为对乡村环境干扰越来越大,山区乡村聚落景观失去了原有的风貌,人类聚居的生态环境遭到破坏,所以如何合理建设开发乡村聚居地,在满足人们生产生活要求的同时,使人类对乡村聚落景观的影响降低到最小,对生态环境的破坏减到最低,将成为乡村聚落景观设计的关键.随着城市化进程的不断加快,出现了很多不利于乡村景观可持续发展的问题:土地利用率低、乡村建筑的无序建设、居住环境差、生态环境恶化和乡村传统文化的丧失等,极大地破坏了乡村景观风貌.除此之外,在乡村景观规划设计方面尚未从具体设计方法方面入手进行研究,导致在细节上对乡村景观设计上的参考性不大.然而,由于地域自然条件、历史演化过程以及生活方式的不同,每个乡村聚落景观也存在显著的差异,根据具体问题具体分析的原则,本文将研究范围定在易县山区的乡村聚落中,可以为其他乡村聚落景观设计方法提供借鉴之处.易县位于河北省中西部,有三分之二的面积为山区,其历史悠久,山川秀丽,人文景观众多,自然资源丰富.易县山区具有独特的乡村聚落和景观资源,且生态脆弱而敏感.在城市化进程和新农村建设的冲击的大背景下,山区乡村面临很大的生态压力.因此,研究如何对山区乡村聚落进行生态设计具有重要的理论与实践意义.本文对易县总体概况及在山区乡村聚落景观深入调查分析的基础上,借鉴国内外乡村聚居区生态设计的成功经验和研究成果,总结出乡村聚落景观生态设计的方法体系.首先明确乡村聚落的概念和内涵,以及乡村聚落景观的发展和构成,并对易县山区乡村聚落景观进行分析.通过深入的调查分析易县山区乡村现状及景观特点,结合生态设计以及景观规划设计理论对乡村聚落景观各个要素进行设计,归纳总结出乡村聚落景观在景观格局、乡村建筑、亲水空间及场地空间方面的设计要点和相应的生态技术手段.论文以狼牙山镇东西水村为例,将理论结合实践,具体分析乡村聚落景观生态设计方法,以此来检验理论的正确性和可行性.最后对乡村聚落景观管理方面提出三点建议,通过管理手段的不断实施,不仅对影响乡村聚落景观风貌的不文明行为加以制止,而且对于建成的乡村聚落景观进行必要的维护和管理,以保持良好的乡村田园景观风貌.??
英文摘要: Rural settlements are rural residents living in compact communities, they live, leisure, communication and production activities in some places. Rural settlements in the rural population living in compact communities, it is the rural landscape in an important part. As the fragile mountain ecosystems, coupled with human interference on the rural environment, the growing, mountainous landscape of rural settlements have lost their original appearance, the ecological environment of human habitat destruction, how to develop a reasonable construction of rural settlements, production and living requirements to meet people while making the human landscape of rural settlements to minimize the impact on the ecological environment to minimize the damage, landscape design will be the key to rural settlements. With the accelerating process of urbanization, there has been a lot of rural landscape is not conducive to sustainable development issues: Land use is low, rural buildings disorderly construction, poor living conditions, environmental degradation and loss of rural culture and so on, greatly undermined the rural landscape character. In addition, in the rural landscape planning and design aspects of concrete design methods not start from the study, resulting in the details on the rural landscape design reference in the paper. However, due to natural conditions, geographical, historical evolution and the different way of life, Meige rural settlements also exist some distinct landscape is different, Genju analyze specific issues of principle, this paper will Study Yi County Shanqu range of rural settlements, by Seeing the way ,you can design for other rural settlements to provide learn from it. This general overview of the Yi County and rural settlements in the mountainous landscape in-depth investigations, based on the analysis of drawing on the success of rural neighborhoods ecological design experience and research findings, summarized Rural Settlement Landscape design methodology. First of all, a clear concept and content of rural settlements and rural settlements development and composition of the landscape, and Yixian landscape of mountainous rural settlements. First of all, a clear concept and content of rural settlements and rural settlements development and composition of the landscape, and Yi County landscape of mountainous rural settlements. Through in-depth survey of mountain villages Yi County situation and scenic features, combined with ecological design and landscape planning and design theory, the various elements of the rural village landscape design, Summarized the pattern of rural settlement landscape in the landscape, rural architecture, Hydrophilic space and space design space points and the corresponding eco-technological means. Thesis Langya Town East and West Water Village East and West, combining the theory of practice, specific analysis of landscape ecological design of rural settlements in order to test the correctness and feasibility of the theory. Finally, landscape management, rural settlements put forward three proposals, Through the continued implementation of management tools, not only affect the landscape character of rural settlements to stop the uncivilized behavior, but also the landscape of rural settlements built in the necessary maintenance and management to maintain good rural pastoral scenes.??