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完善我国人大代表制度研究

标题: 完善我国人大代表制度研究
英文标题: Research on the Perfecting of People's Congress System
作者: 刘璐
出版时间: 2012-01-01
所在大学: 河北农业大学
关键词: 人大代表制度,选举,素质,监督
英文关键词: the People's Congress System,election,quality supervision
论文级别: 硕士
学位: 学位论文
导师: 张惠敏
专业: 马克思主义基本原理
提交时间: 2012
摘要: 1954年9月15日,新中国成立后第一次全国人民代表大会召开.至今人民代表大会制度近60年的发展过程中,人大代表是人民代表大会会议的直接参与者,是人民群众的直接代表,在社会主义民主政治建设中起桥梁作用.人大代表的产生、人大代表的素质以及对人大代表的监督直接关系到其工作成效的好坏,关系到社会主义民主政治的发展.本文结合人大代表制度理论基础,总结了我国人大代表制度的内容、性质和特点以及其地位和作用.接着从人大代表的选举产生方面、人大代表的素质方面以及对人大代表的监督方面阐述了完善人大代表制度的对策.文章共由六部分组成,第一部分和第二部分分别是引言、人大代表制度概述.此部分分别介绍了文章的写作背景和人大代表制度相关理论.从第三部分到第五部分是对人大代表制度的完善内容.第六部分是结语.第三部分介绍人大代表的选举,指出选举程序存在问题、选民选举热情低、选举制度本身不够健全,并分别对这三个方面提出完善对策:完善选举程序;提高选民选举热情;以居住地为主划分选区,逐步扩大直接选举范围.第四部分是提高人大代表素质、推进人大代表专职化.该部分介绍了人大代表应具备的素质,总结了目前人大代表素质存在的问题,并提出设立任职条件;提高专业化水平;建立长期培训制度等完善对策.第五部分是细化人大代表义务规定、加强对人大代表的监督,可以从创立民主社会环境氛围;加强代表与人民联系;完善监督约束与奖励机制方面完善对人大代表的监督.
英文摘要: On September 15, 1954, the first National People's Congress began after the founding of new China. The People's Congress System has developed in recent 60 years from that time, the people's representative are directly participants of People's Congress conference, and the direct representative of people, plays a role of bridge in the construction of socialist democratic politics. The way to choose representatives, representatives'quality as well as supervision of them are directly related to the quality of its work, related to the development of socialist democratic politics.According to the People's Congress System theory, this paper summarizes the content of the People's Congress System in China, nature and characteristics as well as its status and role. Then aim to improve the People's Congress System countermeasure from these aspects: representatives'elected, quality, as well as the deputy to the People s Congress supervision. The article consists six parts, the first part and the second part is the introduction, the People's Congress System's overview. This part introduces the writing background and the People's Congress system theory. From the third part to the fifth part is the content how to perfect the People's Congress System. The sixth part is a conclusion.The third part is to introduce the election, this part points out that the election process problems, low voter enthusiasm, the electoral system itself is not perfect, and give out improve measures respectively in three aspects: perfect People's Congress generating means, perfect electoral system. The fourth part is to improve the quality of people's deputies, promoting the specialization of deputies. The part of the People's Congress should have the quality, summarizes the current People's Congress quality problems, and puts forward the establishment of conditions; improve the professional level; to establish long-term training system and countermeasures. The fifth part is the refinement of delegate of National People's Congress , strengthen the obligation of National People's Congress supervision. Created the democratic social environment; strengthen the representative contact the people; perfecting the supervision and restriction and encouragement mechanism of representatives supervision.