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河北省山区土地资源优化配置研究--以易县为例

标题: 河北省山区土地资源优化配置研究--以易县为例
作者: 高彩云
出版时间: 2011-01-01
所在大学: 河北农业大学
关键词: 山区,土地资源,优化配置,河北省
英文关键词: Mountain area,Land resources,Optimized configuration,HeBei Province
论文级别: 硕士
学位: 学位论文
导师: 梁山
专业: 土地资源管理
提交时间: 2011
摘要: 土地承载万物,创造财富,是人类生产和生活不可或缺的基本要素.在我国,山区土地面积约占全国土地总面积的三分之二,地域之广显而易见,研究山区土地资源优化配置问题意义重大.山区蕴含着丰富的资源,养育着全国五分之一的人口,是重要的资源宝库,但目前山区土地利用尚缺乏科学性,土地生态环境恶化和山区贫困化问题仍然存在.如何将土地资源利用的可持续性贯彻到实际生产和生活中,实现山区土地资源的合理利用,达到有效保护土地和促进山区经济快速发展的目的,是首要解决的迫切问题.本文以地处太行山区腹地的河北省易县为例,研究河北省山区土地资源的优化配置问题.首先总结了土地资源优化配置的国内外研究现状及相关理论基础,介绍了土地资源优化配置的科学内涵及其衡量标准.在此基础上,通过对易县土地利用的数量结构、要素结构和布局进行分析,剖析出该区域内土地资源利用中存在的问题,如耕地保护形势严峻、农村居民点用地粗放、交通运输用地较少、大量后备土地资源尚待开发等问题.为了解决这些问题,根据土地资源优化配置的目标和原则,本研究利用线性规划法对研究区域进行用地结构优化,利用聚类分析法对其进行土地空间布局优化.并针对不同区域自然地理条件和土地利用特点,提出各区域土地资源结构调整和布局优化的具体方案:东部平原种植区,在耕地保护前提下加强城市建设和产业发展,带动全县经济进步;中部丘陵林果区,在加强小城镇建设的基础上积极扩大林果种植面积,将林果业作为农民增收的主要途径;西部深山区,充分发挥资源优势,植树造林,加强生态建设和环境保护等等.最后基于以上研究,提出优化配置河北省山区土地资源的对策建议:第一,加强土地生态环境建设,维持山区生态平衡;第二,发挥土地利用规划指导作用,综合协调土地利用与经济发展之间的关系;第三,严格保护耕地,保障粮食安全;第四,积极开展农村土地整治,加强"空心村"改造;第五,提高投资强度等,促进土地集约利用等.本研究为山区土地资源的优化配置提供了实证基础,为科学、合理、可持续利用土地提供了理论依据,具有一定的研究价值.
英文摘要: Land is a essential element in production and life for human, which carries all of things and creates the wealth. In China, the mountain area is two-thirds of the total land area, which is very wide. The research on optimal allocation of land resources in mountainous areas is even more significant. Mountains are rich in resources and raise one-fifth of the population living in our nation, which is the important resource house. But there is still a series of problems, for example, using land resources scientifically, environmental degradation and poverty problem in mountains. It is the primary problem needing to be solved urgently to implement the sustainability of land use to the actual production and life and achieve rational use of land resources in mountain areas in order to protect land effectively and promote economic development rapidly in mountain.This article studies the issue on optimal allocation of land resources in mountain, taking Yi County located in Taihang Mountains hinterland in HeBei as an example. First, it summarizes research status in and abroad and related theory about the optimal allocation of land resources, describes the scientific content and the measure standard. Based on above-mentioned study, by the analysis for the number structure, factor structure and layout of land use, the article dissects some problems during the use of land resources in the region, for instance, severe situation about farmland protection, extensive use for rural residential land, less transportation land, a large reserve of land resources yet to be developed and other issues. In order to solve these problems, according to objectives and principles of land resource optimization, this study uses linear programming in land structure optimization and applies cluster analysis in spatial layout optimization of land. Specific programs restructuring and optimizing are proposed for different regions have distinct natural and geographical conditions and characteristics of land use. In the eastern plains planted area, urban construction and industrial development should be strengthened in the premise of land protection, to promote economic progress in the county. In the central hilly orchard area, people should magnify actively growing area of fruit based on constructing the small cities and towns, and make the fruit industry to the main way to increase income of farmers. In the western mountain area, people should unleash fully its advantages in resources, planting trees and strengthen ecological and environmental construction, and so on.Finally, due to the above study, suggestions that are proposed optimal allocation of land resources in mountains of Hebei Province. First, strengthen land ecological environment and maintain the ecological balance of mountain. Second, play the guidance role of land use planning and coordinate comprehensive the relationship between land use and economic development. Third, protect strictly cultivated land and ensure food security. Fourth, launch positively land remediation in rural areas, strengthening the "empty villages" transformation. Fifth, improve the Investment intensity and promote the intensive use of land. Fifth, improve the Investment intensity to promote the intensive use of land. The research with research value offers the empirical basis for the configuration optimized about land resources and a theoretical basis for using land scientifically, rationally, sustainability.