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河北省村级集体财富积累机制研究

标题: 河北省村级集体财富积累机制研究
英文标题: Study on the Village-level Collective Wealth Accumulation Mechanism in Hebei Province
作者: 王雪艳
出版时间: 2012-01-01
所在大学: 河北农业大学
关键词: 村级集体财富积累机制,村级债务,村级集体资产,三资监管
英文关键词: village-level collective wealth accumulation mechanism,village-level debt,village-level collective assets,Three-owned regulatory
论文级别: 硕士
学位: 学位论文
导师: 张丽明%郑红维
专业: 农业推广
提交时间: 2012
摘要: 2005年中央一号文件提出了在三年内全部取消农业税的目标,农民的负担大大减轻,但是随着农业税在我国全面取消,农村基层组织运转、公益事业发展经费来源成为困扰农村基层干部的重要问题.2005年河北省石家庄市率先提出"以规范村级集体资产管理为切入点,保障农民的合法权益为核心,保证基层组织运转、发展公益事业为目标,在全市农村建立村级集体财富积累机制"的重要思路,试点运行取得了成功经验并得到了广泛认可.随着试点的成功,2010年河北省全面推广村级集体财富积累机制,并要求2011在全省农村普遍建立村级集体财富积累机制.村级集体财富积累机制在建立和运行过程中,清理、整顿、规范了村级集体资产管理,通过市场运作把集体统一管理、农户承包经营、村民民主决策有机结合起来,盘活了村级现有存量资产,实现村级集体资产的保值增值,对发展壮大集体经济,保障村级组织正常运转,促进社会主义新农村建设,推进基层民主政治建设具有十分重要的意义.但是,村级集体财富积累机制在运行过程中依然存在一些问题,因此如何进一步完善村级集体财富积累机制成为本文研究的主要内容.本文在充分了解村级集体财富积累机制产生背景、目的意义的情况下,对村级集体财富积累机制的国内外研究现状进行阐述,明确村级集体财富积累机制、村级集体资产和村级债务的概念;通过实地走访调查河北省村级集体财富积累机制的运行效果,发现其存在的问题主要有:机制进展不平衡,清产核资不到位,资金来源渠道不稳定,财务监管不规范,机制运行与农村发展相脱节;进而从制度、资金以及人员三个方面找出制约河北省村级集体财富积累机制发展的因素;并对调研过程中发现的成功案例进行了总结,资源富足的石家庄正定塔元庄村、贫困的张家口尚义县戈家村以及领导班子实干的唐山市丰南区西尖坨村,尽管每个村的实际情况不同,在村级集体财富积累机制的建立运行过程中都出现了典型做法,值得其他农村借鉴和学习,也为本文完善村级集体财富积累机制提供了宝贵的经验,最后在此基础上提出完善河北省村级集体财富积累机制的对策.
英文摘要: Central Document No. of 0520 put forwards the goal of total abolition of agricultural tax within three years, greatly reduce the burden on farmers,but with the abolition of agricultural tax in China,the important issue troubled rural grassroots cadres is providing development funds for the operation of rural grassroots organizations and public welfare. Shijiazhuang City of Hebei Province in 0520 first proposed the important idea about'to regulate the village-level collective asset management as an entry point,safeguard the legitimate rights and interests of the farmers as the core,to ensure the operation of grassroots organizations and develop public welfare as the goal,establish village-level collective wealth accumulation mechanism in all rural areas of the city', the pilot running obtained successful experience and widely recognized. With the success of the pilot, Hebei Province will generally promote village-level collective wealth accumulation mechanism in 2010, and require that the village collective wealth accumulation mechanism have been established in the province's rural areas in 1120.In the process of the village-level collective wealth accumulation mechanism's establishment and operation, clean up, straighten and standardize the management of village-level collective assets, through the market operations,combine the unified management of the collective with farmers contracted management and villager's democratic decision-making, revitalize the existing stock of assets of the village, to achieve preserving and increasing the value of village-level collective assets, it has very important significance to grow and develop the collective economy,to safeguard the normal functioning of the village-level organizations, to promote the construction of a new socialist countryside and promote grassroots democracy.However,during operation the village-level collective wealth accumulation mechanism, some problems still exist, therefore ,main content of this study is how to further improve village-level collective wealth accumulation mechanism.In this paper, to fully understand the background, purpose and significance of the village collective wealth accumulation mechanism, described the research status of the village-level collective wealth accumulation mechanism, define the concept of village-level collective wealth accumulation mechanism, the village-level collective assets and village-level debt; Through field visits to investigate the operating results about village-level collective wealth accumulation mechanism of Hebei Province, found the problems are mainly: mechanism progress is disequilibrium, audit of the assets is not in place, funds sources and channels is instability,financial supervision is non-standard,the mechanism of operation is out of touch with rural development;And then from the three aspects of the system, funds and personnel to identify the factors restricting the Hebei village-level collective wealth accumulation mechanism for the development;And summarized successful cases that we found in the researched process,resource-rich Shijiazhuang zhengding tayuan village, poverty Zhangjiakou Shangyi County Gejia village and hard-working leading groups Fengnan District of Tangshan City, Xijiantuo Village, although the actual situation of each village is not alike, typical practice of the establishing and running in the village-level collective wealth mechanism accumulation, worth other rural areas reference and learning, provided valuable experience to improve the village-level collective wealth accumulation mechanism for this article, finally, on this basis, put forward a complete set of countermeasures to improve the village-level collective wealth accumulation mechanism in Hebei Province.