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天津河流水系景观规划研究

标题: 天津河流水系景观规划研究
英文标题: The Landscape Research of Tanjin River System
作者: 叶燕
出版时间: 2012-01-01
所在大学: 河北农业大学
关键词: 天津,河流水系,景观规划,景观要素
英文关键词: Tianjin,river system,landscape design,landscap element
论文级别: 硕士
学位: 学位论文
导师: 黄涛
专业: 风景园林
提交时间: 2012
摘要: 天津地处环渤海经济圈内,拥有着得天独厚的区位优势.近年来天津经济迅速发展,带动城市建设的步伐逐渐加快.城市发展的成果也备受瞩目,特别是河流水系景观建设取得了一定成绩.天津地区主要汇集海河和滦河两大水系,形成了丰富的水系网络.天津历史上因水而立,依水而兴,所以河流水系景观成为该地区城市独特的魅力之处.但是城市人口剧增、开发不当等因素引起的环境污染现象越发严重,为了防止河流水系景观的不断被破坏,充分利用和发挥河流水系景观在改善城市生态环境和美化的功能,对城市景观规划设计方面的研究显得十分重要.本文对天津地区的河流水系景观现状进行了分析,通过分析调研、资料收集、理论结合实践的方式总结归纳出一套切实可行的景观营建方法.从景观规划的角度,先界定城市水系景观的概念;参考大量文献以及结合实际情况进行分析,界定城市水系景观的规划范围;分析河流水系的常见类型,总结归纳河流水系景观的功能,为河流水系景观规划提供依据.以城市规划原理、美学原理、景观生态学等理论为基础,分析天津地区发展现状.由于天津地区水系资源丰富,经济实力雄厚,文化底蕴深厚,区域内河流水系景观逐渐形成水网密布且分布均匀、沿河文化底蕴深厚等区域特色.同时由于大规模经济建设,也对区域内水系景观造成一定破坏,从而暴露出一些问题,主要包括护岸形式单一,沿河景观单调,缺乏亲水性,水质问题严峻等方面,因此,总结归纳出一套适合天津河流水系景观规划的方法在目前形势下显得尤为重要.将河流水系景观分为水体、河岸、植物、建筑、设施五方面要素,从这五方面要素出发对水系景观进行分析研究,寻求适合天津河流水系景观规划可持续发展的景观要素设计方法,并且形成系统,使河流水系景观规划更加美观,更加生态,更加实用.以天津市西青区王稳庄独流减河景观规划设计为例,进行景观规划过程分析,通过对独流减河景观进行现状分析和研究,以上位土地规划为基础,提出景观规划整体构思,设计各个景观节点.提出解决天津河流水系景观现存问题的方法,为今后河流水系景观规划提供参考性意见.
英文摘要: Tianjin is located in the Bohai Economic Circle and has a unique geographical advantage. In recent years, the pace of urban construction was gradually accelerated with the rapid economic development of Tianjin. Since the beginning of this year, the outcome of the urban development attracted much attention, especially the construction of the river system landscape also has made some achievements. Tianjin region mainly brings together two river systems - Haihe river system and the Luanhe river system, which forms a rich network of river systems.The river system landscape becomes the city's unique of the region, due to that Tianjin established and flourished by river systems in the history. With the environmental pollution becomes more serious as the great growth of urban population, inappropriate development and other factors. The study of the urban landscape planning and design becomes very important, in order to prevent the damage of river system landscape and take full advantage of the function of the river system landscape in improving the urban ecological environment and beautify.This paper analyzes the status of the river system landscape in Tianjin region, and summarizes a set of practical landscape construction methods by the way of analyzing the research, data collection and theory with practice. Define the concept of the urban water system landscape from the perspective of the landscape planning. Define the scope of the planning of the urban water system landscape reference to the extensive literature, as well as to analyze the actual situation. Provide the basis for landscape planning for the city water system by analysis of the common types of water systems and summarized in the river system functionality. Analyze of the current situation of the development of Tianjin region, according to the analysis of the literature and field studies and based on the theory of Urban Planning, Aesthetic principles, Landscape Ecology and so on. The river system landscape in the region gradually formed some regional characteristics, such as the close and uniform distribution of water network and the profound cultural of river along.It also exposures to some problems due to damage to the river landscape in the region caused by the large-scale economic construction, mainly including single form of revetment, monotonous landscape along the river, the lack of the nature of close to water, Severe water quality problems and so on. Therefore, to summarize a set of methods for Tianjin river system landscape planning is particularly important in the current situation.The river system landscape is divided into five areas elements - water, riparian, plant, building and facilities. Analyze River landscape starting from the five factors to seek to design methods of landscape elements which are suitable for sustainable development of Tianjin river system landscape planning and form system to make the river system landscape planning more beautiful, more ecological and more practical. Take the landscape planning and design of Tianjin Xiqing District Wangwenzhuang Duliujian River as an example for analysis of the landscape planning process. Proposed the whole idea of the landscape planning and design of various landscapes node through the analysis and research of the Duliujian river landscape and based on the upper land-use planning. Propose method to solve the existing problems in Tianjin river system landscape. Provide Reference views of future landscape planning of river system.