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葱叶枯病菌STEMPHYLIUM BOTRYOSUM毒素的分离与除草活性研究

标题: 葱叶枯病菌STEMPHYLIUM BOTRYOSUM毒素的分离与除草活性研究
英文标题: THE STUDY ON THE ISOLATION AND WEED-CONTROLLING ACTIVITY OF PATHOTOXIN PRODUCED BY STEMPHYLIUM BOTRYOSUM
作者: 张金林,董金皋,樊慕贞,李川
英文作者: ZHANG JINLIN,DONG JIN''GAO,FAN MUZHEN,LI CHUAN
出版时间: 2001-01-01
机构: 河北农业大学
关键词: 葱叶枯病菌,毒素,分离,除草活性
刊名: 农药学学报
英文刊名: CHINESE JOURNAL OF PESTICIDE SCIENCE
ISSN: 1008-7303
卷号: 002
基金: ^A河北省科技计划项目^B96220304D^D1
页码: 60-66
分类号: S4
摘要: 葱叶枯病菌在活体外可以产生致病毒素,用改良PS培养基培养所得滤液经TLC分离获得Ⅰ、Ⅱ、Ⅲ、Ⅳ、Ⅴ 5种组分,其RF值分别为0.31、0.47、0.74、0.80和0.90,在乙醇中最大紫外吸收峰分别为240、247、223、236和258 NM.生物测定结果表明,组分Ⅱ、Ⅲ、Ⅳ对马唐的生长有明显的抑制作用,其中以组分Ⅳ生物活性最高.粗毒素对禾本科杂草种子萌发抑制效果高于对阔叶杂草,而对玉米、水稻、油菜等种子萌发影响很小.试验还发现,毒素对马唐的防效最高,与百草枯药效相当.毒素对马唐叶绿素A的含量影响不大,但对叶绿素B和叶绿素总含量影响较大.
英文摘要: Stemphylium botryosum could produce pathotoxin in vitro. Five fractions(Ⅰ、Ⅱ、Ⅲ、Ⅳ、Ⅴ) had been obtained by TLC and HPLC chromatography, their Rf-values were 0.31,0.47, 0.74, 0.80 and 0.90, and their max. ultraviolet absorption were 240,247,223,236 and 258 nm, respectively. Three fractions (Ⅱ、Ⅲ、Ⅳ) strongly inhibited the growth of Digitaria sanguinalis, among them the fraction Ⅳ had the highest activity. The inhibitory effect of crude toxin on the germination of gramineous weed seeds was much higher than that of the broad-leaf weeds. This toxin has little influence on the seeds of maize, rice, rape and Chinese cabbage. The results of the greenhouse pot experiment indicated that the defensive effect of the crude toxin on Digitaria sanguinalis was the highest, equal to the effect of paraguar. Moreover the toxin could affect the content of Chlorophyll in Digitaria sanguinalis; and especially the content of Chlorophyll-b.