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农民专业合作组织:解决"三农"问题的关键之举

标题: 农民专业合作组织:解决"三农"问题的关键之举
英文标题: Specialized Farmers Cooperatives:Key Measure to Solve Three Rural Issues
作者: 郝换换,张建峰,陶佩君
英文作者: HAO Huan-huan,ZHANG Jian-feng,TAO Pei-jun(College of Agronomy,Agricultural University of Hebei,Baoding 071000,China)
出版时间: 2011-01-01
机构: 河北农业大学
关键词: 农民专业合作组织,"三农"问题,权利缺失
英文关键词: Specialized farmers cooperatives,Three Rural Issues,Lack of rights
刊名: 河北农业科学
英文刊名: Journal of Hebei Agricultural Sciences
ISSN: 1088-1631
期号: 15
卷号: 007
基金: ^A国家自然科学基金^B70873032^D1
页码: 80-83
分类号: F306.4
摘要: "三农"问题彼此间存在着差异却又紧密联系,其核心是农民问题.作者基于政治经济学的研究方法对"三农"问题的成因进行了深入分析,指出了农民专业合作组织在破解"三农"问题中的重要作用."三农"问题的本质是农民权利的缺失,而农民权利缺失的根本原因在于农民的组织化程度太低.所以,破解"三农"问题的关键在于提升我国农民的组织化程度.只有改变农民的弱势地位,发挥农民的主体作用,努力提高农民素质,增强其参与市场竞争和抵抗风险的能力,才能够增加农民收入,实现传统农业向现代农业的转变,加快建设社会主义新农村的步伐.而农民专业合作组织是农村经营中最具活力的组织载体,是推进农业产业化的主导力量和提高农民素质的有效途径.因此本研究通过对农民专业合作组织内部运行机制和外部发展环境障碍的分析,提出了健全机制、强化主体、培育人才、政策支持和改善融资等促进其作用发挥的相关举措.
英文摘要: Three Rural Issues have great relevancy but also have differences,in which the problem of farmers is the core issue.Based on the political economics research method,the article concluded the importance of specialized farmers cooperatives.Lack of farmers' rights,which related to the rarity of farmers organization,is the main cause of Three Rural Issues.Only by changing the farmers disadvantageous position,exerting their principal role,improving their quality and enhancing their participation in the market competition and their risk resistance,farmers' income could be increased,modern agriculture could be realized,and the pace of the new socialist rural construction could be sped up.Specialized farmers cooperatives are the most dynamic actors in rural management,and the leading power of promoting agriculture industrialization.Through analyzing internal operation mechanism and external environment barriers of specialized farmers cooperatives,relevant measures to improve the mechanism,to cultivate staffs,to support policy and to improve financing were put forward.