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黑龙港地区地下水灌溉管理现状研究

标题: 黑龙港地区地下水灌溉管理现状研究
英文标题: Current Situation Research on Groundwater Irrigation Management in Heilonggang Region
作者: 杨美赞
出版时间: 2018-05-26
所在大学: 河北农业大学
关键词: 黑龙港地区,地下水,灌溉管理,现状研究
英文关键词: Heilonggang Region,Groundwater,Irrigation Management,Current Situation Research
论文级别: 硕士
学位: 硕士
导师: 李名威
专业: 农业硕士(专业学位)
主题: 黑龙港地区地下水灌溉管理现状研究
页码: 64
摘要: 地下水是水资源的组成部分,也是构成灌溉水的重要来源,在农业发展过程中起着十分重要的作用。全球性的水资源短缺问题日益凸显,地下水资源面临的问题更加严重。黑龙港地区是河北省乃至华北平原地下水超采最为严重的地区之一,对这一地区的地下水灌溉管理问题展开研究,对于解决如何减少地下水资源的浪费、改进地下水灌溉管理方式,解决灌溉水源短缺、地下水超采等问题,以及对于提高地下水资源利用效率,减少农业灌溉成本具有重要的理论和现实意义。本文首先对现有的文献资料进行了解与梳理,运用文献分析法介绍了文章的研究背景,并对相关概念进行了界定。分析了河北省黑龙港地区地下水灌溉管理的现状,存在的问题如下:其一,灌溉水源单一,地下水超采严重,用水效率不高;其二,灌溉工程管理主体与权责不明确,缺乏相应的监督机制。其三,农户用水过程中组织的缺乏,农户用水混乱,用水矛盾突出,管理机构臃肿,管理效率低;其四,经营管理方式落后,水费计收方式混乱。本文采用问卷调查与实证研究相结合的方式,分别从用水户和政府两个主体出发,找出影响黑龙港地区地下水灌溉管理现状改进的因素。其中,本文采用DEA-Tobit模型分析与实地调研相结合的方式,从用水户主体的角度得出了影响地下水灌溉管理现状改进的因素,研究结果显示,水费、节水量、耕地面积、管道长度和用水户投入费用五个因子对地下水灌溉管理现状的改进产生影响;基于政府主体角度的研究结果显示,灌溉用水效率、灌溉工程建设数量及完好程度、土地规模化程度以及用水户对政府管理工作的配合程度对地下水灌溉管理现状的改进产生影响。本文在灌溉管理现状改进的影响因素分析以及国内外成功经验借鉴的基础上,提出了改进黑龙港地区地下水灌溉管理现状的建议。本文对国内外发达国家和地区在灌溉用水管理、工程设施管理、用水组织管理、运营资金管理等方面成功经验进行了研究,并从地下水取水制度、灌溉工程设施的普及、分级管理地下水灌溉工程设施、灌溉工程建设融资的多样化、建立用水户自组织以及水费征收方式等方面,得出改进黑龙港地区地下水灌溉管理现状的建议。管理是保证组织有效地运行所必不可少的条件,有效的地下水灌溉管理可以遏制地下水资源的浪费。然而,国内学者针对黑龙港地区地下水灌溉管理领域的研究尚属空白。因此,本文针对黑龙港地域内的地下水灌溉管理的研究,在研究视角和研究内容的创新性具有一定的创新性。
英文摘要: Groundwater is a component of water resources and an important source of irrigation water,which plays an important role in the development of agriculture.The problem of global water shortage is becoming more and more serious.Heilonggang region is one of the areas in Hebei province and even the north China plain where groundwater over extraction is the most serious.For groundwater irrigation management problem launches the research in this area,to solve how to reduce the waste of resources,improvement of groundwater irrigation management way,solve the problem of shortage of irrigation water,groundwater,etc,and to raise efficiency of utilization of groundwater resources to reduce agricultural irrigation cost has important theoretical and realistic significance.In this paper,we first understand and sort out the existing literature materials,introduce the research background of this paper by using the literature analysis method,and define the relevant concepts.This paper analyzes the current situation of groundwater irrigation management in Heilonggang region of Hebei province,and the existing problems are as follows:First,the irrigation water source is single,the groundwater overtakes seriously,the water use efficiency is not high;Secondly,the main body and right and responsibility of irrigation project management are not clear,and there is no corresponding supervision mechanism.Third,the lack of organization in the process of farmers' water use,the confusion of farmers' water use,the prominent contradiction of water use,the overstaffed management organization and the low efficiency of management;Fourth,the way of management is backward,and the way of water charge is chaotic.In this paper,questionnaire survey and empirical research are combined to find out the factors influencing the improvement of groundwater irrigation management in Heilonggang region from the perspective of water users and the government.In this paper,DEA-Tobit model analysis combined with field research was adopted to obtain factors influencing the improvement of groundwater irrigation management from the perspective of the main water user,The results show that water cost,water saving amount,cultivated land area,pipeline length and household input cost have influences on the improvement of groundwater irrigation management.Based on the research of government main body Angle,according to the results of irrigation water use efficiency,the number of irrigation works construction and perfect degree,land scale and degree of water fit for the work of the government management and impact on the present situation of groundwater in the irrigation management improvement.Based on the analysis of the factors influencing the improvement of irrigation management and the successful experience at home and abroad,this paper puts forward some Suggestions to improve the current situation of groundwater irrigation management in Heilonggang region.This paper studies the successful experience of developed countries and regions in irrigation water management,engineering facilities management,water organization management and operation fund management.And the popularity of water from groundwater system,irrigation works,hierarchical management groundwater irrigation engineering facilities,diversification of irrigation works construction financing,establishing water user self-organizing and the way of water rate and etc.It is concluded that to improve the Heilonggang region the present situation of groundwater in the irrigation management advice.Management is essential to ensure the effective operation of organizations.Effective groundwater irrigation management can curb the waste of groundwater resources.However,there is still a gap in the research on the management of groundwater irrigation in Heilonggang region.Therefore,the research on groundwater irrigation management in the Heilonggang region is innovative in the research perspective and research content.