首页>>学术检索

超声、酸化对电子酸洗场地土壤重金属洗脱效率及形态的影响

标题: 超声、酸化对电子酸洗场地土壤重金属洗脱效率及形态的影响
英文标题: Effect of Ultrasound and Acidification on Morphology and Elution Efficiency of Heavy Metal from Soil Contaminated by Electronic Waste Pickling
作者: 李雅嫔,杨军,刘树庆
英文作者: LI Ya-pin,YANG Jun,LIU Shu-qing,Institute of Geographic Science and Natural Resources Research,Chinese Academy of Sciences,College of Resources and Environmental Sciences,Hebei Agricultural University
出版时间: 2016-04-12
机构: 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,河北农业大学资源与环境科学学院
关键词: 超声,酸化,重金属,去除率,形态
英文关键词: ultrasound,acidification,heavy metal,removal rate,morphology
刊名: 中国农业科技导报
英文刊名: Journal of Agricultural Science and Technology
ISSN: 1008-0864
期号: 02
卷号: v.18;No.108
国内刊号: 11-3900/S
基金: 环保公益性行业科研专项(201009015)资助
主题: 超声、酸化对电子酸洗场地土壤重金属洗脱效率及形态的影响
页码: 156-163
分类号: X53
出版单位: 中国农业科技导报
是否核心: 1
摘要: 为提高重金属污染场地的化学洗脱效率,以广东省清远市龙塘镇电子酸洗场地土壤为研究对象,通过室内实验,分析超声、酸化等洗脱参数对电子酸洗场地污染土壤Cd、Cu、Pb和Zn洗脱效率的影响。结果表明,超声处理可有效提高土壤重金属的洗脱效率,尤其Cu和Zn,其洗脱效率分别提高了9.65%和15.3%。对污染土壤进行酸化预处理,EDTA对土壤Cd、Cu、Pb和Zn的洗脱效率分别提高了70.2%、29.0%、41.1%、48.5%。酸化处理后,土壤p H由6.89降低到4.00;Cd、Cu、Pb和Zn酸提取态分别提高了10.8%、1.26%、11.1%、11.9%。酸化处理使不易被EDTA洗脱的可还原态转变为易被EDTA洗脱的酸提取态和可氧化态,进而提高EDTA对土壤重金属的洗脱效率。因此,超声、酸化预处理可作为提高EDTA对土壤重金属洗脱效率的辅助技术。
英文摘要: To improve the chemical elution efficiency of heavy metal contaminated sites,this paper took electronic waste pickling site soil of Longtang Town,Qingyuan city,Guangdong Province as research object,and analyzed the effect of ultrasound and acidification elution,etc. parameters on elution efficiency of Cd,Cu,Pb,and Zn from soil contaminated by electronic waste pickling sites through indoor experiment. The results showed that ultrasonic treatment could effectively improve the elution efficiency of soil heavy metals,especially Cu and Zn. Their elution efficiency increased by 9.65% and 15.3%,respectively. After acidification pretreatment,the elution efficiency of Cd,Cu,Pb and Zn increased by 70. 2%,29. 0%,41. 1% and 48. 54%,respectively. After acidification treatment,the soil p H reduced from 6.89 to 4.00,and the contents of acid extractable of Cd,Cu,Pb and Zn increased by 10.8%、1.26%、11.1%、11. 9%. Acidification treatment could turn reducible,which was difficult to be eluted by EDTA into acid extractable and oxidizable that can be eluted easily by EDTA,and thus enhanced the elution efficiency of EDTA on soil heavy metals. Therefore, ultrasound, acidification pretreatment could be used as assistive technology for improving the elution efficiency of soil heavy metals by EDTA.